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Native Americans from WA to ND (1st Draft)

These are some of the tribes we visited or learned about during our trip so far.

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<<We have a lot more information, I'll try to add more later. It's been hard trying to update the blog and travel at the same time, I've developed a lot more appreciation for how Lewis & Clark were able to keep such detailed journals during their expedition, which was a lot harder then mine!>>

The Sandpoint, ID Museum has the following information about the "Kalispel Canoes":

"The Salish Canoe is light, fast and able to navigate the often wind swept waters of Lake Pend Oreille and river, the sturgeon nosed canoe was a key element in the lifeway of the kalispel people. Named after the camis plant that was so vital to their subsistence, the Kalispel were often known by neighboring tribes as the "canoe" or "river" people.

"Indigenous people in other parts of North America relied on birch bark for canoes. In this region, vast white pine forests provided the Kalispel and other interior Salish people with the strong pliable bark used to make their uniquely constructed canoes.

"Canoes were often constructed by women and could be built in four to six days, but gathering the needed materials may have taken just as much time. Along with the white pine bark for the outer covering, other materials include birch bark for each end, split cedar and maple for the frame, and choke cherry bark for lashingl. Pine pitch was used to patch any cracks.

Paddles were carved in a unique design that tapered to a near point. If necessary, the canoe could be tied up to a paddle that was driven into the riverbank."

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The Museum of the Plains Indians in Browning, MT has a lot of information about various Plaines tribes. The Blackfeet Reservation covers the area south of this and contains many informative signs along the highways and rest stops.

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In South Dakota, my sister Penny showed us some of the current living conditions for the Sioux tribe on the Standing Rock reservation. We also visited Fort Yates, in North Dakota where Sitting Bull is buried.

In North Dakota, we passed the Huff site where a native 'city' of about 1,000 people lived around 1500.

Later we visited Fort Mandan, near the winter home of the Lewis & Clark Expedition in 1804 – 1805. This was named for the nearby Mandan Indians, who were very helpful to the expedition.

In eastern North Dakota, we drove through the “Spirit Lake Nation” reservation to look for Fort Totten. We learned later that this is a branch of the Sioux peoples.

Posted by jl98584 21:20 Archived in USA Tagged educational

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